Two peace agreements have been signed to date: an agreement between the Afghan government of President Ashraf Ghani and the militant group Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin on 22 September 2016[5] and a conditional agreement between the United States and the Taliban, February 29, 2020[7][7] calling for the withdrawal of U.S. troops within 14 months if the Taliban comply with the terms of the agreement. [8] [9] Since September 2020, talks have been under way in Doha between representatives of the Afghan state and the Taliban. Al Qaeda, an international terrorist network, was granted a submarine in Afghanistan on the condition that it did not irritate the United States, but Osama bin Laden rejected the agreement in 1998 when he orchestrated bombings of U.S. embassies in East Africa. The episode was indicative of the tensions that have on the day between the two groups. The Taliban were basically parochists, while Al Qaeda was targeting global jihad. [12] The agreement between the United States and the Taliban, also signed in Doha on 29 February, provided that talks between the parties to the Afghan conflict would begin on 10 March. But a prisoner exchange between the Taliban and the controversial Kabul government has delayed the peace process.

That is why the Afghan government was not a party to the agreement between the United States and the Taliban. Instead, the February 2020 agreement only committed the Taliban to negotiate directly with the Afghans. The agreement set a tentative timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, preventing the Taliban from using international jihadist groups such as Al Qaeda to attack the United States or its allies. However, there are a number of hooks that can prevent the full implementation of the agreement. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not involved in the negotiations. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has not supported many parts of the agreement and has opposed the need for the next steps to move the peace process forward. This includes the release of Taliban prisoners, which he has not done so far, although he has proposed a more modest release. The agreement, officially titled «The Agreement for Peace in Afghanistan,» does not end beyond three pages and is written in three languages; Dari, Pashtu and English. It consists of two parts; The Taliban agree that «Afghan soil is not used against the security of the United States and its allies» and the United States accepts the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Afghanistan. The signing of the agreement was achieved by a seven-day «reduction of violence,» a term used instead of a «ceasefire,» a term the Taliban rejected, in part because a «ceasefire» suggested an end to hostilities to which the Taliban were unwilling to engage. On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Afghan Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, to end the long war in Afghanistan. The agreement contains much of the same terms that were agreed in September 2019, but were cut by President Trump.

Essentially, this agreement requires the withdrawal of U.S. forces and the Afghan coalition in exchange for a promise that the Taliban would not allow terrorist groups to operate on Afghan soil. However, the agreement is based on several assumptions that will make its success problematic. This agreement requires an Afghan government operating in Kabul, with which it will be possible to negotiate. The recent Afghan presidential elections have not upset those responsible, but the waters. The failure of the presidential election took place last September, but the vote counting process was so confusing and controversial that the winner was not announced until 18 February 2020, almost five months after the election. The erroneous and controversial elections led to a controversial and divided government in Kabul, which led to a deadlock over those responsible and made it difficult to implement the next stage of the peace agreement. As a result, the Taliban, with a weak or divided government in Kabul, will find themselves in a stronger position to dictate the terms of an agreement on Afghanistan`s future that would allow them to reach an agreement on the future of Afghanistan.